Langue: en

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Version: Last change: 11 February 2000 (debian - 07/07/09)

Section: 5 (Format de fichier)


ippl.conf - IP Protocols Logger configuration file


The ippl.conf file is the only configuration file for the ippl logger. It defines what protocols to log, and the kind of packets to log.

A hash mark (``#'') indicates that the end of the line is a comment and it will therefore not be read.


ippl does not run (unless specified) the protocol logging threads as root for security reasons. You can specify which user should be use with the runas keyword.

Syntax: runas [user]

user is a user defined in /etc/passwd. By default, the Debian-ippl user is used.


Each protocol is run by an different thread. To run a thread, use the:

Syntax: run [protocol] [protocol] ...

protocol can be:

icmp to specify that the thread logging ICMP messages should be run.

tcp to specify that the thread logging TCP connections should be run.

udp to specify that the thread logging UDP datagrams should be run.

all to log all the protocols.


You can enable or disable IP address resolution on a protocol basis. To enable address resolution, use:

Syntax: resolve [protocol] [protocol] ...

protocol is the same as in the protocols section.

To disable address resolution, use:

Syntax: noresolve [protocol] [protocol] ...

protocol is the same as before.

By default, IP address resolution is disabled for all the protocols.

Ippl by default resolves tcp/udp port numbers to their respective service names. If you pass a protocol to the noportresolve option, ippl logs the port number instead. This is a Debian specific extension.

By default service resolving is enabled, since this is the behaviour of the upstream program.


ippl can log IP protocols in a more or less detailed format. By default, it only shows the source address and the type or the destination port. A more detailed version can be used. There is also a shortest version.

Syntax: logformat [format] [protocol] [protocol] ...

format can be:

short to use a short format for logging.

normal to use the normal format. This is the default.

detailed to log more information. This option displays the source and destination ports and addresses.

protocol is the same as in the protocols section.


To enable the IDENT remote username resolution, use the ident keyword. To disable it, use the noident keyword. Note that the information returned is *NOT* reliable in general since it is returned by the remote host. By default, the ident resolution is off.


ippl can detect when a TCP connection is closed. To enable this feature, use the logclosing keyword. To disable it, use the nologclosing keyword. By default, TCP connection terminations are ignored.


ippl can log messages using syslog (using the LOG_DAEMON facility) or it can write directly into a file. This is specified using log-in keyword.

Syntax: log-in [protocol] [filename]

protocol is the same as in the protocols section. filename is an absolute path to a file. Note that the file cannot be in the root directory; it has to be in a directory.

NOTE: when the logs are rotated, ippl opens new files when it is sent the SIGHUP signal.


When a thread is run, it will catch all the packets using the protocol logged. The user may want to ignore certain packets. This is done with Apache-like rules.

There are two different types of rules. The first one describes what packets to log, and the second one describes the packets that should be ignored. The syntax of a rule is as follows:

Syntax: [log|ignore] {option [option],[option],...} [protocol] [description]

log means that the packets described should be logged and ignore is used if the user does not want to log a certain type of packets.


The option keyword will permit to override the default values for this rule only. options is also recognized.

Valid options are:

resolve enable IP address resolution.

noresolve disable IP address resolution.

portresolve enable IP service resolution.

noportresolve disable IP service resolution.

ident use ident logging (only for TCP).

noident disable ident logging (only for TCP).

logclosing log connection termination (only for TCP).

nologclosing do not log connection termination (only for TCP).

short use the short logging format.

normal use the normal logging format.

detailed use the detailed logging format.


protocol is one of the supported protocols (see the protocols section).


description holds the type of packet and the hosts to which the rule applies.

Type of packet:

   type <number>    Specify an ICMP message type.
   port <number>    Specify a destination TCP or UDP port number.
   port <name>      Specify a destination TCP or UDP port name.
   srcport <number> Specify a source TCP or UDP port number.
   srcport <name>   Specify a source TCP or UDP port name.

number is specified like this:
   n               Number n.
   n--             Every number m >= n.
   --n             Every number m <= n.
   l--k            Every number m, with l <= m <= k.
   string          If a string is specified, it is
                     either the name of a service
                     (see /etc/services) or an
                     ICMP message.
                   Keywords for ICMP messages are:
                     echo_reply      0
                     dest_unreach    3
                     src_quench      4
                     redirect        5
                     echo_req        8
                     router_advert   9
                     router_solicit  10
                     time_exceeded   11
                     param_problem   12
                     ts_req          13
                     ts_reply        14
                     info_req        15
                     info_reply      16
                     addr_mask_req   17
                     addr_mask_reply 18

Source of the packets:

   from <host>

where host is specifed as follows:
   x.x.x.x         IP address of a host
   x.x.x.x/x.x.x.x IP address, followed by a network mask to specify a subnet
   x.x.x.x/n       IP address, followed by the number of 1's at the left side of the network mask
   host.net.domain host name (wildcards accepted)

Destination of the packets:

   to <host>

where host is specified as follows:
   x.x.x.x          IP address of the local interface
   host.net.domain  host name of the local interface (*no* wildcards accepted)

This rule is useful only if you have multiple interfaces connected to your box, or if you use IP aliasing. This can also be useful if you want to log or ignore broadcasts. To do so, just use your broadcast address as destination IP address.

Please note that rules using IP addresses are faster to check than rules using host names.

If you log UDP, it is *strongly* recommended to ignore the broadcasts! (until we implement an option for that).


The time for which ippl holds cached DNS data without performing any queries can be changed.

Syntax: expire <time>

defines how often the DNS data expires. time is specified in seconds (default is 3600).


 /etc/ippl.conf - configuration file
 /usr/share/doc/ippl/* - files worth reading if you still have a question




Hugo Haas (hugo@larve.net) Etienne Bernard (eb@via.ecp.fr)