Langue: en

Version: 2010-08-11 (fedora - 01/12/10)

Section: 5 (Format de fichier)


moderators - Submission addresses for moderated groups


When an unapproved article is posted locally to a moderated newsgroup, it is not passed off to innd for normal handling; instead, it is sent via e-mail to the submission address for that newsgroup. The submission address is determined using this configuration file.

The file pathetc/moderators is a list of associations between uwildmat(3) patterns matching newsgroups and the submission address for those newsgroups. Blank lines and lines starting with a number sign ("#") are ignored. All other lines should consist of two fields separated by a colon:


The first field is a uwildmat(3) pattern matching the group or groups to which this line applies. The first matching line is used, so more specific patterns should be listed before general patterns.

The second field, the submission address, should be a simple e-mail address with one exception: at most one %s may occur anywhere in the address. If present, it will be replaced by the name of the newsgroup, with all periods in the name changed to dashes ("-"). If there is a literal "%" in the submission address, it must be written as "%%", even if not followed by an "s".

With the %s syntax, periods are converted to dashes for historical reasons, from back in the days when periods in the local part of addresses were not always handled correctly. It's probably no longer necessary, but so much now depends on it that it can't be easily changed.

It's intended that the sample moderators file included in the INN distribution always be sufficient for all world-wide newsgroups. The hosts behind have graciously volunteered to handle forwarding tasks for all world-wide newsgroups so that individual sites don't have to keep track of the submission addresses for moderated groups. The forwarding database used by is coordinated by <>; if you know of a world-wide newsgroup hierarchy that is not correctly handled by, please send the details to that address.

Given that, the only thing you should have to add to the sample file under normal circumstances are the forwarding addresses for local or limited-distribution moderated groups.

If this file doesn't exist, or if a post is made to a moderated group that has no matching entry in this file, nnrpd falls back on the value of moderatormailer set in inn.conf and, failing that, rejects the post.


Here is a sample file:

Using the above file, postings to the moderated newsgroup in the left column below will be sent to the address shown in the right column below:


Note that periods are changed to dashes and dashes are left alone with the %s syntax, so two moderated newsgroups whose names differ only by changing a period to a dash would go to the same address. Such newsgroup pairs should therefore not be created.


Written by Rich $alz <> for InterNetNews. Rewritten in POD by Russ Allbery <>.

$Id: moderators.pod 8830 2009-11-29 16:49:59Z iulius $


inn.conf(5), nnrpd(8), uwildmat(3).