Langue: en

Version: 362201 (ubuntu - 24/10/10)

Section: 5 (Format de fichier)


/etc/yaws/yaws.conf - Configuration file for the yaws web server


Yaws is fast lightweight web server. It reads a configuration file called yaws.conf to control its operations. The configuration contains two distinct parts a global part which affects all the virtual hosts and a server part where options for each virtual host is supplied.


logdir = Directory All yaws logs will be written to files in this directory. There are several different log files written by yaws.

report.log - this is a text file that contains all error logger printouts from yaws.

Host.access - for each virtual host served by yaws, a file Host.access will be written which contains an access log in Common Log Format.

trace.http - this file contains the HTTP trace if that is enabled

auth.log - If configured, all http auth related messages goes here.

trace.traffic - this file contains the traffic trace if that is enabled
The default value for logdir is "."
ebin_dir = Directory
This directive adds Directory to the Erlang search path. It is possible to have several of these command in the configuration file. The default value is "yaws_dir"/examples/ebin
id = String
It is possible run multiple yaws servers on the same machine. We use the id of a yaws server to control it using the different control commands such as:
 # /usr/local/bin/yaws --id foobar --stop
To stop the Yaws server with id "foobar". Each Yaws server will write its internals data into a file called $HOME/.yaws/yaws/ID where ID the identity of the server. Yaws also creates a file called ${VARDIR}/run/yaws/ctl-${ID} which contain the port number where the server is listening for control commands. The default id is "default".
include_dir = Directory
This directive adds Directory to the path of directories where the Erlang compiler searches for include files. We need to use this if we want to include .hrl files in our yaws Erlang code. The default value is "yaws_dir"/examples/include.
max_num_cached_files = Integer
Yaws will cache small files such as commonly accessed GIF images in RAM. This directive sets a maximum number on the number of cached files. The default value is 400.
max_num_cached_bytes = Integer
This directive controls the total amount of RAM which can maximally be used for cached RAM files. The default value is 1000000, 1 megabyte.
max_size_cached_file = Integer
This directive sets a maximum size on the files that are RAM cached by yaws. The default value i 8000, 8 kBytes.
cache_refresh_secs = Integer
The RAM cache is used to serve pages that sit in the cache. An entry sits in cache at most cache_refresh_secs number of seconds. The default is 30. This means that when the content is updated under the docroot, that change doesn't show until 30 seconds have passed. While developing a yaws site, it may be convenient to set this value to 0. If the debug flag (-d) is passed to the yaws start script, this value is automatically set to 0.
trace = false | traffic | http
This enables traffic or http tracing. Tracing is also possible to enable with a command line flag to yaws. Default is false.
use_old_ssl = true | false
This re-enables the old OTP ssl implementation. By default we use the new ssl implementation.
auth_log = true | false
Enable or disable the auth log. Default is true.
max_connections = nolimit | <int>
Set this value to control the maximum number of connections from HTTP clients into the server. This is implemented by closing the last socket if the limit threshold is reached.
log_wrap_size = Integer
The logs written by yaws are all wrap logs, the default value at the size where they wrap around and the original gets renamed to File.old is 1000000, 1 megabyte. This value can changed.

If we set the value to 0 the logs will never wrap. If we want to use Yaws in combination with a more traditional log wrapper such as logrotate, set the size to 0 and Yaws will reopen the logfiles once they have be renamed/removed.

log_resolve_hostname = true | false
By default the client host IP is not resolved in the access logs.
fail_on_bind_err = true | false
Fail completely or not if yaws fails to bind a listen socket Default is true.
enable_soap = true | false
If true, a soap server will be started at startup of Yaws. Default is false.
soap_srv_mods = ListOfModuleSetting
If enable_soap is true, a startup yaws will invoke yaws_soap_srv:setup() to setup modules set here. ModuleSetting is either a triad like <Mod, HandlerFunc, WsdlFile> or a quadruple form like <Mod, HandlerFunc, WsdlFile, Prefix> which specifies the prefix. A prefix will be used as argument of yaws_soap_lib:initModel() and then be used as a XML namespace prefix. Note, the WsdlFile here should be an absolute-path file in local file systems.

For example, we can specify

        soap_srv_mods=<Mod1, HandlerFunc, WsdlFile1><Mod2, HandlerFunc, WsdlFile2, SpecifiedPrefix>...

php_exe_path = Path
The name of (and possibly path to) the php executable used to interpret php scripts (if allowed). Default is php_exe_path = php-cgi.
copy_error_log = true | false
Enable or disable copying of the error log. When we run in embedded mode, there may very well be some other systems process that is responsible for writing the errorlog to a file whereas when we run in normal standalone mode, we typically want the Erlang errorlog written to a report.log file. Default value is true.
runmod = ModuleName
At startup yaws will invoke ModuleName:start() in a separate process. It is possible to have several runmods. This is useful if we want to reuse the yaws startup shell script for our own application.
pick_first_virthost_on_nomatch = true | false
When Yaws gets a request, it extracts the Host: header from the client request to choose a virtual server amongst all servers with the same IP/Port pair. This configuration parameter decides whether yaws should pick the first (as defined in the yaws.conf file) if no name match or not. In real live hosting scenarios we typically want this to be false whereas in testing/development scenarios it may be convenient to set it to true. Default is true.
use_fdsrv = true | false
This feature makes it possible to bind to ports < 1024 even when we're not running as root. It requires the Jungerl package called fd_server to be properly installed. The feature doesn't work with SSL. Default is false. The use of fdsrv is not encouraged, see http://yaws.hyber.org/privbind.yaws
subconfig = File
Load specified config file.
subconfigdir = Directory
Load all config file in specified directory.


Yaws can virthost several web servers on the same IP address as well as several web servers on different IP addresses. This includes SSL servers.

Each virtual host is defined within a matching pair of <server ServerName> and </server>. The ServerName will be the name of the webserver.

The following directives are allowed inside a server definition.

port = Port
This makes the server listen on Port. Default is 8000.
listen = IpAddress
This makes the server listen on IpAddress When virthosting several servers on the same ip/port address, if the browser doesn't send a Host: field, yaws will pick the first server specified in the config file. If the specified ip address is yaws will listen on all local IP addresses on the specified port. Default is
listen_backlog = Integer
This sets the TCP listen backlog for the server to define the maximum length the queue of pending connections may grow to. The default is the same as the default provided by gen_tcp:listen/2, which is 5.
rhost = Host[:Port]
This forces all local redirects issued by the server to go to Host. This is useful when yaws listens to a port which is different from the port that the user connects to. For example, running yaws as a non-privileged user makes it impossible to listen to port 80, since that port can only be opened by a privileged user. Instead yaws listens to a high port number port, 8000, and iptables are used to redirect traffic to port 80 to port 8000 (most NAT:ing firewalls will also do this for you).
rscheme = http | https
This forces all local redirects issued by the server to use this method. This is useful when an SSL off-loader, or stunnel, is used in front of yaws.
access_log = true | false Setting this directive to false turns of traffic logging for this virtual server. The default value is true.
dir_listings = true | true_nozip | false
Setting this directive to false disallows the automatic dir listing feature of Yaws. A status code 403 Forbidden will be sent. Set to true_nozip to avoid the auto-generated all.zip entries. Default is false.
extra_cgi_vars = .....
Add additional CGI or FastCGI variables. For example:
 <extra_cgi_vars dir='/path/to/some/scripts'>
 var = val
statistics = true | false
Turns on/off statistics gathering for a virtual server. Default is false.
fcgi_app_server = Host:Port
The hostname and TCP port number of the FastCGI application server. The TCP port number is not optional. There is no default value.
fcgi_trace_protocol = true | false
Enable or disable tracing of FastCGI protocol messages as info log messages. Disabled by default.
fcgi_log_app_error = true | false
Enable or disable logging of application error messages: output to stderr and non-zero exit value. Disabled by default.
deflate = true | false
Turns on or off deflate compression for a server. Default is false.
docroot = Directory ...
This makes the server serve all its content from Directory.

It is possible to pass a space separated list of directories as docroot. If this is the case, the various directories will be searched in order for the requested file. This also works with the ssi and yssi constructs where the full list of directories will be searched for files to ssi/yssi include.

partial_post_size = Integer | nolimit
When a yaws file receives large POSTs, the amount of data received in each chunk is determined by the this parameter. The default value is 10240.
dav = true | false
Turns on the DAV protocol for this server. The dav support in yaws is highly limited. If dav is turned on, .yaws processing of .yaws pages is turned off. Default is false. Setting it to nolimit is potentially dangerous. There is a hardcoded timeout on POST reads at 30 seconds. If the read is not done within the timeout, the POST will fail.
tilde_expand = true|false
If this value is set to false yaws will never do tilde expansion. The default is false. tilde_expansion is the mechanism whereby a URL on the form http://www.foo.com/~username is changed into a request where the docroot for that particular request is set to the directory ~username/public_html/ Default is false.
allowed_scripts = ListOfSuffixes
The allowed script types for this server. Recognized are `yaws', `cgi', `fcgi', `php'. Default is allowed_scripts = yaws php cgi fcgi .

Note: for fcgi scripts, the FastCGI application server is only called if a local file with the .fcgi extension exists. However, the contents of the local .fcgi file are ignored.

tilde_allowed_scripts = ListOfSuffixes
The allowed script types for this server when executing files in a users public_html folder Recognized are `yaws', `cgi', `fcgi', `php'. Default is tilde_allowed_scripts = i.e. empty
appmods = ListOfModuleNames
If any the names in ListOfModuleNames appear as components in the path for a request, the path request parsing will terminate and that module will be called. There is also an alternate syntax for specifying the appmods if we don't want our internal erlang module names to be exposed in the URL paths. We can specify

   appmods = <Path1, Module1> <Path2, Modules2> ...

Assume for example that we have the URL http://www.hyber.org/myapp/foo/bar/baz?user=joe while we have the module foo defined as an appmod, the function foo:out(Arg) will be invoked instead of searching the filesystems below the point foo.

The Arg argument will have the missing path part supplied in its appmoddata field.

It is also possible to exclude certain directories from appmod processing. This is particulaly interesting for '/' appmods. Here is an example:

   appmods = </, myapp exclude_paths icons js top/static>

The above configuration will invoke the 'myapp' erlang module on everything except any file found in directories, 'icons', 'js' and 'top/static' relative to the docroot.

errormod_404 = Module
It is possible to set a special module that handles 404 Not Found messages.

The function Module:out404(Arg, GC, SC) will be invoked. The arguments are

Arg is a #arg{} record

GC is a #gconf{} record (defined in yaws.hrl)

SC is a #sconf{} record (defined in yaws.hrl)

The function can and must do the same things that a normal out/1 does.

errormod_401 = Module
It is possible to set a special module that handles 401 Unauthorized messages. This can for example be used to display a login page instead.

The function Module:out401(Arg) will be invoked. The arguments are

Arg is a #arg{} record

The function can and must do the same things that a normal out/1 does.

errormod_crash = Module
It is possible to set a special module that handles the HTML generation of server crash messages. The default is to display the entire formated crash message in the browser. This is good for debugging but not in production.

The function Module:crashmsg(Arg, SC, Str) will be called. The Str is the real crash message formated as a string.

The function must return, {content,MimeType,Cont} or {html, Str} or {ehtml, Term}. That data will be shipped to the client.

arg_rewrite_mod = Module
It is possible to install a module that rewrites all the Arg #arg{} records at an early stage in the yaws server. This can be used to do various things such as checking a cookie, rewriting paths etc.
start_mod = Module
Defines a user provided callback module. At startup of the server, Module:start/1 will be called. The #sconf{} record (defined in yaws.hrl) will be used as the input argument. This makes it possible for a user application to synchronize the startup with the yaws server as well as getting hold of user specific configuration data, see the explanation for the <opaque> context.
revproxy = Prefix Url
Make yaws a reverse proxy. The Prefix is a path inside our own docroot and the Url argument is an url pointing to a website we want to "mount" under the path which is Prefix.

Example: revproxy = /tmp/foo http://yaws.hyber.org

Makes the hyber website appear under /tmp/foo

It is possible to have multiple reverse proxies inside the same server.

WARNING, this feature is yet not in production quality.

fwdproxy = true|false
Make yaws a forward proxy. By enabling this option you can use yaws as a proxy for outgoing web traffic, typically by configuring the proxy settings in a web-browser to explicitly target yaws as its proxy server.

WARNING, this feature is yet not in production quality.

servername = Name
If we're virthosting everal servers and want to force a server to match specific Host: headers we can do this with the "servername" directive. This name doesn't necessarily have to be the same as the the name inside <server Name> in certain NAT scenarios. Rarely used feature.
<ssl> .... </ssl>
This begins and ends an SSL configuration for this server. It's possible to virthost several SSL servers on the same IP given that they all share the same certificate configuration. In general it is complicated to virthost several SSL servers on the same IP address since the certificate is typically bound to a domainname in the common name part of the certificate. One solution (the only?) to this problem is to have a certificate with multiple subjectAltNames. See http://wiki.cacert.org/VhostTaskForce#Interoperability_Test
keyfile = File
Specifies which file contains the private key for the certificate. If not specified then the certificate file will be used.
certfile = File
Specifies which file contains the certificate for the server.
cacertfile = File
A file containing trusted certificates to use during client authentication and to use when attempting to build the server certificate chain. The list is also used in the list of acceptable client CAs passed to the client when a certificate is requested.
verify = 1 | 2 | 3
Specifies the level of verification the server does on client certs. 1 means nothing, 2 means the the server will ask the client for a cert but not fail if the client does not supply a client cert, 3 means that the server requires the client to supply a client cert.
depth = Int
Specifies the depth of certificate chains the server is prepared to follow when verifying client certs. For the OTP new ssl implementation it is also used to specify how far the server, i.e. we, shall follow the SSL certificates we present to the clients. Hence, using self signed certs, we typically need to set this to 0.
password = String
String If the private key is encrypted on disc, this password is the 3Dee key to decrypt it.
ciphers = String
This string specifies the SSL cipher string. The syntax of the SSL cipher string is a little horrible sublanguage of its own. It is documented in the ssl man page for "ciphers".
Ends an SSL definition
<redirect> ... </redirect>
Defines a redirect mapping. The following items are allowed within a matching pair of <redirect> and </redirect> delimiters.

We can have a series of

Path = URL or

Path = file

All accesses to Path will be redirected to URL/Path or alternatively to scheme:host:port/file/Path if a file is used. Note that the original path is appended to the redirected url. So if we for example have:

   /foo = http://www.mysite.org/zapp
   /bar = /tomato.html

Asumming this config resides on a site called http://abc.com, We have the following redirects:

http://abc.com/foo -> http://www.mysite.org/zapp/foo

http://abc.com/foo/test -> http://www.mysite.org/zapp/foo/test

http://abc.com/bar -> http://abc.com/bar

http://abc.com/bar/x/y/z -> http://abc.com/bar/x/y/z

Sometimes we do not want to have the original path appended to the redirected path. To get that behaviour we specify the config with '==' instead of '='.

  /foo == http://www.mysite.org/zapp
  /bar = /tomato.html </redirect>

Now a request for http://abc.com/foo/x/y/z simply gets redirected to http://www.mysite.org/zapp. This is typically used when we simply want a static redirect at some place in the docroot.

When we specify a file as target for the redirect, the redir will be to the current http(s) server.

<auth> ... </auth>
Defines an auth structure. The following items are allowed within a matching pair of <auth> and </auth> delimiters.
dir = Dir
Makes Dir to be controlled bu WWW-authenticate headers. In order for a user to have access to WWW-Authenticate controled directory, the user must supply a password. The Dir must be specified relative to the docroot.
realm = Realm
In the directory defined here, the WWW-Authenticate Realm is set to this value.
authmod = AuthMod
If an auth module is defined then AuthMod:auth(Arg, Auth) will be called for all access to the directory. The auth/2 function should return one of: true, false, {false, Realm}, {appmod, Mod}. If {appmod, Mod} is returned then a call to Mod:out(Arg) will be used to deliver the content.

This can, for example, be used to implement cookie authentication. The auth() callback would check if a valid cookie header is present, if not it would return {appmod, ?MODULE} and the out/1 function in the same module would return {redirect_local, "/login.html"}.

user = User:Password
Inside this directory, the user User has access if the user supplies the password Password in the popup dialogue presented by the browser. We can obviously have several of these value inside a single <auth> </auth> pair.

The usage of User:Password in the actual config file is deprecated as of release 1.51. It is preferred to have the users in a file called .yaws_auth in the actual directory. The .yaws_auth file has to be file parseable by file:consult/1

Each row of the file must contain terms on the form

 {User, Password}.

Where both User and Password should be strings. The .yaws_auth file mechanism is not (yet) recursive. Thus any subdirectories to Dir are not automatically also protected.

The .yaws_auth file is never visible in a dir listing

pam service = pam-service
If the item pam is part of the auth structure, Yaws will also try to authenticate the user using "pam" using the pam service indicated. Usual services are typically found under /etc/pam.d. Usual values are "system-auth" etc.

pam authentication is performed by an Erlang port program which is typically installed as suid root by the yaws install script.

Ends an auth definition
<opaque> .... </opaque>
This begins and ends an opaque configuration context for this server, where 'Key = Value' directives can be specified. These directives are ignored by yaws (hence the name opaque), but can be accessed as a list of tuples {Key,Value} stored in the #sconf.opaque record entry. See also the description of the start_mod directive.

This mechanism can be used to pass data from a surrounding application into the individual .yaws pages.


The following example defines a single server on port 80.

 logdir = /var/log/yaws
 <server www.mydomain.org>
         port = 80
         listen =
         docroot = /var/yaws/www

And this example shows a similar setup but two web servers on the same IP address

 logdir = /var/log/yaws
 <server www.mydomain.org>
         port = 80
         listen =
         docroot = /var/yaws/www
 <server www.funky.org>
         port = 80
         listen =
         docroot = /var/yaws/www_funky_org
 An example with www-authenticate and no access logging at all.
 logdir = /var/log/yaws
 <server www.mydomain.org>
         port = 80
         listen =
         docroot = /var/yaws/www
         access_log = false
             dir = secret/dir1
             realm = foobar
             user = jonny:verysecretpwd
             user = benny:thequestion
             user = ronny:havinganamethatendswithy
 An example specifying  a user defined module to be called
 at startup, as well as some user specific configuration.
 <server www.funky.org>
         port = 80
         listen =
         docroot = /var/yaws/www_funky_org
         start_mod = btt
                 mydbdir = /tmp
                 mylogdir = /tmp/log

An example specifying the GSSAPI/SPNEGO module (authmod_gssapi) to be used for authentication. This module requires egssapi version 0.1~pre2 or later available at http://www.hem.za.org/egssapi/.

The Kerberos5 keytab is specified as 'keytab = File' directive in opaque. This keytab should contain the keys of the HTTP service principal, 'HTTP/www.funky.org' in this example.

 <server www.funky.org>
         port = 80
         listen =
         docroot = /var/yaws/www_funky_org
         start_mod = authmod_gssapi
                 authmod = authmod_gssapi
                 dir = secret/dir1
                 keytab = /etc/yaws/http.keytab

And finally a slightly more complex example with two servers on the same IP, and one SSL server on a different IP.

When there are more than one server on the same IP, and they have different names the server must be able to choose one of them if the client doesn't send a Host: header. yaws will choose the first one defined in the conf file.

 logdir = /var/log/yaws
 max_num_cached_files = 8000
 max_num_cached_bytes = 6000000
 <server www.mydomain.org>
         port = 80
         listen =
         docroot = /var/yaws/www
 <server www.funky.org>
         port = 80
         listen =
         docroot = /var/yaws/www_funky_org
 <server www.funky.org>
         port = 443
         listen =
         docroot = /var/yaws/www_funky_org
            keyfile = /etc/funky.key
            certfile = /etc/funky.cert
            password = gazonk

Finally an example with virtual directories, vdirs.

 <server server.domain>
         port = 80
         listen =
         docroot = /var/yaws/www
         arg_rewrite_mod = yaws_vdir
           vdir = "/virtual1/ /usr/local/somewhere/notrelated/to/main/docroot"
           vdir = "/myapp/ /some/other/path can include/spaces"
           vdir = "/icons/  /usr/local/www/yaws/icons"

The first defined vdir can then be accessed at or under http://server.domain/virtual1/ or http://server.domain/virtual1


Written by Claes Wikstrom


yaws(1) erl(1)