Langue: en

Version: 2003 (ubuntu - 08/07/09)

Section: 7 (Divers)


mqueue.h - message queues (REALTIME)


#include <mqueue.h>


The <mqueue.h> header shall define the mqd_t type, which is used for message queue descriptors. This is not an array type.

The <mqueue.h> header shall define the sigevent structure (as described in <signal.h> ) and the mq_attr structure, which is used in getting and setting the attributes of a message queue. Attributes are initially set when the message queue is created. An mq_attr structure shall have at least the following fields:

 long    mq_flags    Message queue flags. 
 long    mq_maxmsg   Maximum number of messages. 
 long    mq_msgsize  Maximum message size. 
 long    mq_curmsgs  Number of messages currently queued. 

The following shall be declared as functions and may also be defined as macros. Function prototypes shall be provided.

 int      mq_close(mqd_t);
 int      mq_getattr(mqd_t, struct mq_attr *);
 int      mq_notify(mqd_t, const struct sigevent *);
 mqd_t    mq_open(const char *, int, ...);
 ssize_t  mq_receive(mqd_t, char *, size_t, unsigned *);
 int      mq_send(mqd_t, const char *, size_t, unsigned );
 int      mq_setattr(mqd_t, const struct mq_attr *restrict,
              struct mq_attr *restrict);
 ssize_t  mq_timedreceive(mqd_t, char *restrict, size_t,
              unsigned *restrict, const struct timespec *restrict);
 int      mq_timedsend(mqd_t, const char *, size_t, unsigned ,
              const struct timespec *);
 int      mq_unlink(const char *);

Inclusion of the <mqueue.h> header may make visible symbols defined in the headers <fcntl.h>, <signal.h>, <sys/types.h>, and <time.h>.

The following sections are informative.








<fcntl.h> , <signal.h> , <sys/types.h> , <time.h> , the System Interfaces volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, mq_close(), mq_getattr(), mq_notify(), mq_open(), mq_receive(), mq_send(), mq_setattr(), mq_timedreceive(), mq_timedsend(), mq_unlink()

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at .