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Version: 385757 (fedora - 01/12/10)

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Section: 8 (Commandes administrateur)


merge - merge incremental dumps onto full dumps for restore


merge <output file> <full dump> <incremental dump>


merge is a utility that allows one to apply incremental dumps to a full dump and produce a new full dump which reflects a later state of the volume. The new dump can then be used to restore the volume, or can be merged with other incrementals.

An incremental or full dump reflects the state of the volume at the time it was dumped. Full dumps can be restored so that a user may access an older state of a volume. Incremental dumps do not necessarily have sufficient information to be restored. For instance, all the vnodes in the dump may not be present. The merging process allows a full image of a state that was only incrementally dumped to be restored.

Currently incrementals apply to the last successful full dump that was done. As an example, say full dumps for a volume are done on Sundays, with incrementals being taken the rest of the week. If an administrator wishes to restore a volume to Wednesdays state, he would have to fetch the full dumpfile from Sunday and the incremental dumpfile for Wednesday. Once these are present, the administrator would use the merge program to create a new updated full dump for Wednesdays state, and restore it to the server (using volutil(8) restore).

Information in the dump header is used to place a total ordering on the dumps. This way incrementals can only be applied to the dump with repect to which they were taken. In addition, incrementals cannot be applied to other incrementals, and the dumps to be merged must have been created from the same volume replica. The merge program checks these things, and reports failures if they are violated.


volutil (8), restore (1)


David C. Steere, 1991, created