Langue: en

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Version: 2007/09/04 (mandriva - 22/10/07)

Section: 1 (Commandes utilisateur)


ldapmodify, ldapadd - LDAP modify entry and LDAP add entry tools


ldapmodify [-a] [-c] [-S file] [-n] [-v] [-M[M]] [-d debuglevel] [-D binddn] [-W] [-w passwd] [-y passwdfile] [-H ldapuri] [-h ldaphost] [-p ldapport] [-P 2|3] [-O security-properties] [-I] [-Q] [-U authcid] [-R realm] [-x] [-X authzid] [-Y mech] [-Z[Z]] [-f file]

ldapadd [-c] [-S file] [-n] [-v] [-M[M]] [-d debuglevel] [-D binddn] [-W] [-w passwd] [-y passwdfile] [-h ldaphost] [-p ldapport] [-P 2|3] [-O security-properties] [-I] [-Q] [-U authcid] [-R realm] [-x] [-X authzid] [-Y mech] [-Z[Z]] [-f file]


ldapmodify is a shell-accessible interface to the ldap_add_ext(3), ldap_modify_ext(3), ldap_delete_ext(3) and ldap_rename(3). library calls. ldapadd is implemented as a hard link to the ldapmodify tool. When invoked as ldapadd the -a (add new entry) flag is turned on automatically.

ldapmodify opens a connection to an LDAP server, binds, and modifies or adds entries. The entry information is read from standard input or from file through the use of the -f option.


Add new entries. The default for ldapmodify is to modify existing entries. If invoked as ldapadd, this flag is always set.
Continuous operation mode. Errors are reported, but ldapmodify will continue with modifications. The default is to exit after reporting an error.
-S file
Add or change records which where skipped due to an error are written to file and the error message returned by the server is added as a comment. Most useful in conjunction with -c.
Show what would be done, but don't actually modify entries. Useful for debugging in conjunction with -v.
Use verbose mode, with many diagnostics written to standard output.
Force application of all changes regardless of the contents of input lines that begin with replica: (by default, replica: lines are compared against the LDAP server host and port in use to decide if a replog record should actually be applied).
Enable manage DSA IT control. -MM makes control critical.
-d debuglevel
Set the LDAP debugging level to debuglevel. ldapmodify must be compiled with LDAP_DEBUG defined for this option to have any effect.
-f file
Read the entry modification information from file instead of from standard input.
Use simple authentication instead of SASL.
-D binddn
Use the Distinguished Name binddn to bind to the LDAP directory.
Prompt for simple authentication. This is used instead of specifying the password on the command line.
-w passwd
Use passwd as the password for simple authentication.
-y passwdfile
Use complete contents of passwdfile as the password for simple authentication.
-H ldapuri
Specify URI(s) referring to the ldap server(s); only the protocol/host/port fields are allowed; a list of URI, separated by whitespace or commas is expected.
-h ldaphost
Specify an alternate host on which the ldap server is running. Deprecated in favor of -H.
-p ldapport
Specify an alternate TCP port where the ldap server is listening. Deprecated in favor of -H.
-P 2|3
Specify the LDAP protocol version to use.
-O security-properties
Specify SASL security properties.
Enable SASL Interactive mode. Always prompt. Default is to prompt only as needed.
Enable SASL Quiet mode. Never prompt.
-U authcid
Specify the authentication ID for SASL bind. The form of the ID depends on the actual SASL mechanism used.
-R realm
Specify the realm of authentication ID for SASL bind. The form of the realm depends on the actual SASL mechanism used.
-X authzid
Specify the requested authorization ID for SASL bind. authzid must be one of the following formats: dn:<distinguished name> or u:<username>
-Y mech
Specify the SASL mechanism to be used for authentication. If it's not specified, the program will choose the best mechanism the server knows.
Issue StartTLS (Transport Layer Security) extended operation. If you use -ZZ, the command will require the operation to be successful.


The contents of file (or standard input if no -f flag is given on the command line) should conform to the format defined in ldif(1) (LDIF as defined RFC 2849), or slapd.replog(5) (an extended form of LDIF) with the exceptions noted below.

Lines that begin with "replica:" are matched against the LDAP server host and port in use to decide if a particular replog record should be applied. Any other lines that precede the "dn:" line are ignored. The -F flag can be used to force ldapmodify to apply all of the replog changes, regardless of the presence or absence of any "replica:" lines.

If no "changetype:" line is present, the default is "add" if the -a flag is set (or if the program was invoked as ldapadd) and "modify" otherwise.

If changetype is "modify" and no "add:", "replace:", or "delete:" lines appear, the default is "replace" for ldapmodify(1) and "add" for ldapadd(1).

Note that the above exceptions to the slapd.replog(5) format allow ldif(5) entries to be used as input to ldapmodify or ldapadd.


Assuming that the file /tmp/entrymods exists and has the contents:
     dn: cn=Modify Me,dc=example,dc=com
     changetype: modify
     replace: mail
     mail: modme@example.com
     add: title
     title: Grand Poobah
     add: jpegPhoto
     jpegPhoto:< file:///tmp/modme.jpeg
     delete: description

the command:

     ldapmodify -f /tmp/entrymods

will replace the contents of the "Modify Me" entry's mail attribute with the value "modme@example.com", add a title of "Grand Poobah", and the contents of the file "/tmp/modme.jpeg" as a jpegPhoto, and completely remove the description attribute.

Assuming that the file /tmp/newentry exists and has the contents:

     dn: cn=Barbara Jensen,dc=example,dc=com
     objectClass: person
     cn: Barbara Jensen
     cn: Babs Jensen
     sn: Jensen
     title: the world's most famous mythical manager
     mail: bjensen@example.com
     uid: bjensen
 the command:
     ldapadd -f /tmp/newentry

will add a new entry for Babs Jensen, using the values from the file /tmp/newentry.

Assuming that the file /tmp/entrymods exists and has the contents:

     dn: cn=Barbara Jensen,dc=example,dc=com
     changetype: delete
 the command:
     ldapmodify -f /tmp/entrymods

will remove Babs Jensen's entry.


Exit status is zero if no errors occur. Errors result in a non-zero exit status and a diagnostic message being written to standard error.


ldapadd(1), ldapdelete(1), ldapmodrdn(1), ldapsearch(1), ldap.conf(5), ldap(3), ldap_add_ext(3), ldap_delete_ext(3), ldap_modify_ext(3), ldap_modrdn_ext(3), ldif(5), slapd.replog(5)


The OpenLDAP Project <http://www.openldap.org/>


OpenLDAP Software is developed and maintained by The OpenLDAP Project <http://www.openldap.org/>. OpenLDAP Software is derived from University of Michigan LDAP 3.3 Release.